Publications:The mass appraisal of the real estate by computational intelligence


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Title The mass appraisal of the real estate by computational intelligence
Author Vilius Kontrimas and Antanas Verikas
Year 2011
PublicationType Journal Paper
Journal Applied Soft Computing
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Abstract Mass appraisal is the systematic appraisal of groups of properties as of a given date using standardized procedures and statistical testing. Mass appraisal is commonly used to compute real estate tax. There are three traditional real estate valuation methods: the sales comparison approach, income approach, and the cost approach. Mass appraisal models are commonly based on the sales comparison approach. The ordinary least squares (OLS) linear regression is the classical method used to build models in this approach. The method is compared with computational intelligence approaches - support vector machine (SVM) regression, multilayer perceptron (MLP), and a committee of predictors in this paper. All the three predictors are used to build a weighted data-depended committee. A self-organizing map (SOM) generating clusters of value zones is used to obtain the data-dependent aggregation weights. The experimental investigations performed using data cordially provided by the Register center of Lithuania have shown very promising results. The performance of the computational intelligence-based techniques was considerably higher than that obtained using the official real estate models of the Register center. The performance of the committee using the weights based on zones obtained from the SOM was also higher than of that exploiting the real estate value zones provided by the Register center. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved